An earthquake is when the ground shakes from a release of energy deep in the earth. Earthquakes usually only last a short amount of time, and cause damage to houses and buildings. Earthquakes are hard to predict when they will happen.
Hurricanes spawn in oceans. They can build up strenght with high winds just like tornadoes. Because of satellite images and weather data, huricanes can be predicted and there is usually time to prepare and evacuate.
Winter Storms can be hard to survive if you are not prepared. They can last up to several days causing power outages and blocked roads. Weathermen will predict these storms but sometimes they can be a supprise.
Tornadoes are cased by two stomrs bumping into each other. They create high winds that damages anything that is in it's path (like houses, trees and cars). Tornadoes are not very predicable and can supprise people.
Wildfires are caused by lightning or people starting a fire. The fire can grow fast if the vegitation in the forest is dry. Wildfires can be put out by firemen. Forest fires move fast so people need to be ready to leave thier homes if one is coming.
Flooding is caused by heavy rains or melting snow pack. Usually with flooding comes also land slides when the ground gets wet and causes mud to flow. The only way to avoid flooding is to leave, or block the water.